Three facets of modern statehood - freedom, community, and diversity - are mirrored in three strands of political thought - liberalism, republicanism, and federalism. During the Enlightenment, two thinkers, Immanuel Kant and James Madison, devised distinct though compatible formulations of these strands that hint at an engagement rather than an exclusion of difference. Federalism, for Kant and Madison, provides the structure from which to expand and integrate notions of rights and responsibilities. While grounded in their eighteenth century context, these men began a discussion and practice of government with implications for today.
How to Cite:
Lefton, A., 2011. Extending the Sphere: Enlightenment Lessons for the Modern State. Rerum Causae, 3(1), pp.22–34.